What is a Deviated Septum (Septoplasty)?
Rhinoplasty can also be performed to address breathing issues caused by a deviated septum. The septum, or cartilage piece between the two nostrils, can be misshapen in many different directions. Each individual procedure requires precise location of the malalignment and a unique adjustment. Deviated septum is one of the most common causes of breathing impairment.
Deviated septum surgery can be done in an open or closed manner, where the incisions are either hidden inside the nose or underneath the nose. The septum will be straightened, while also reducing projections inside the nose. These modifications allow for a structured pattern of air intake and help correct breathing difficulties. These procedures are often termed a septoplasty or submucous resection of the septum.
Often a rhinoplasty is combined with septal surgery to enhance the shape of the nose and to improve the nasal airway and this is termed a rhinoseptoplasty. This is often performed to get the optimal results in both shape and function. In this instance, cartilage may be removed from the septum and used as a graft elsewhere in the nose. Ear cartilage and rib cartilage may be needed if there is insufficient cartilage in the nose.